Oil processing is a large part of Factorio. It was introduced in v0.9. Oil processing may refer to the researched technology, the recipe used in the Oil refinery, or the overall workings of oil.
|Oil processing||Allows the player to set up a basic facility to mine, process, and use oil.|
|Sulfur processing||A prerequisite for the research of the Battery, which is used in many items later on, including the Science pack 3.|
|Plastic bar||The Plastic bar is an ingredient in the Advanced circuit, which is used often later on.|
|Fluid handling||Allows better control over your liquids, with the Storage Tank and Small Pump.|
|Advanced oil processing||Gives you a new recipe for use in the Oil refinery, allowing you to get more useful products from your Crude Oil.|
|Flammables||Gives you access to the Flamethrower and Flamethrower ammo|
There are various recipes that can be done regarding Oil processing. They are listed below.
|After researching Oil processing:|
|Basic oil processing|
|After researching Advanced oil processing:|
|Advanced oil processing|
|Heavy oil cracking|
|Light oil cracking|
|After researching Fluid handling:|
|Fill crude oil barrel||or|
|Empty crude oil barrel||or|
|After researching Sulfur processing:|
|After researching Advanced electronics:|
|After researching Battery:|
|After researching Plastics:|
|After researching Flammables and Flame thrower:|
Mechanics & Usage
To extract, process and use oil and its connected products, research, as shown above, is needed.
Pumpjacks need to be placed on top of the middle of the oil well. Given electricity (90kW, upgradeable), Pumpjacks will produce a certain amount of Crude oil per second, shown on the right, at the bottom of the information panel. Over time this value will decrease down to a minimum of 0.1 oil/s, providing infinite oil at a very low rate.
The Crude Oil then needs to be refined in an Oil refinery. The Oil refinery also needs Power provided by an Electric network. It has a much higher demand, at 420kW, but it is also upgradeable. The oil refinery needs to have a recipe set (see above for available recipes). Once it is set, the inputs and outputs show what needs to be, and what will be supplied. You cannot move the locations of these, only rotate the entire machine. Make sure that the products have somewhere to go (preferably Storage Tanks), as the refinery will stop production of all products if one product output is full.
Now you have the three basic products. Heavy Oil, Light Oil and Petroleum Gas. Both Heavy Oil and Light Oil can be cracked to the next lower type in a Chemical plant (recipe above). This is useful if you've got lots of Light Oil, but are lacking in Petroleum Gas (A common problem).
From here, after some research, you can use the oil products to create various products. They are all listed above.
- If you run your Heavy Oil pipe from the refineries past a Lubricant-making Chemical Plant before sending it to the cracking Chemical Plants, you can be sure that the Lubricant production will have priority over cracking.
- Most games will only ever need one lubricant-producing Chemical Plant and one Storage Tank for the lubricant.
- Since Lubricant is only used for blue belts and electric engines, and the only other use of Heavy Oil is flamethrower ammo (production of which is either best placed in your oil refinery or elided entirely) and cracking into Light Oil (the Heavy Oil to Solid fuel production ratio is terrible compared to cracking it first), you may want to consider placing your production of robots and belt assembly nearby your oil refineries, so lubricant doesn't need to be sent as far.
Items to handle liquids
|Pumpjack||Pumpjacks mine the Crude Oil from the Oil wells, and let you move it by Pipe.|
|Oil refinery||Refines Crude Oil into basic oil products (Heavy-/Light Oil and Petroleum Gas).|
|Chemical plant||Like the Assembling machine, used to automate processing of liquids and crafting.|
|Storage Tank||Stores up to 2500 units of any liquid.|
|Small Pump||Allows you to pump liquids from one area to another. Used inline (Between pipes).|
|Pump||Allows you to pump water up from a body of water.|
|Assembling machine 2 Assembling machine 3||Allows you to craft items using liquids, used mainly for Barrels.|
|Pipe||Allows transporting of liquids from one location to another.|
|Underground Pipe|Underground Pipe]][[||A Pipe, but under the ground, acting similar to Underground belts.|