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Difference between revisions of "Mining"

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(Changed links going to the redirect File:Iron-ore.png to go to File:Iron ore.png.)
(Drill types)
 
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{{Languages}}
 
{{Languages}}
[[Mining drill]]s are used to automate the extraction of resources. Drills are the first step to automating manufacture, although most resources have to be smelted in a [[furnace]] for further usage.
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'''Mining''' is used to extract resources from the world. Mining drills are the first step to automating manufacture, although most resources have to be smelted in a [[furnace]] for further usage.
  
 +
== Mining speed formula ==
 +
The rate at which resources are produced is given by:
  
== Mining Speed Formula ==
+
Mining speed / Mining time = Production rate (in resource/sec)
  
Metal and mineral resources have a "mining hardness" rating. The rate at which they are produced is given by:
+
To calculate the time needed for one resource-item use this formula:
  
  (Mining power - Mining hardness) * Mining speed / Mining time = Production rate (in resource/sec)
+
  Mining time / Mining speed = Seconds for one resource item
  
To calculate the time needed for one resource-item use this formula:
+
Mining speed is a function of the miner while mining time is a function of the metal or mineral you are currently mining (you can place a miner over a mixed field).
 +
 
 +
=== Mining by hand ===
 +
When mining by hand, the formula is modified slightly:  
 +
(1 + Mining Speed Modifier) * .5 / Mining time = Production rate (in resource/sec)
  
Mining time / ((Mining power - Mining hardness) * Mining speed) = Seconds for one resource item
+
=== Infinite resources ===
  
Mining power and speed are functions of the miner while hardness and time are functions of the metal or mineral you are currently mining (you can place a miner over a mixed field).
+
The output of the unmodified resource is the percentage yield of the tile currently used by the miner.
  
=== Mining By Hand ===
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  Output of unmodified field * ( Number of modules in miner * Bonus from module ) + Output of unmodified field * ( Number of beacons * ( Number of modules * Distribution efficiency ) * Bonus from module + Productivity research bonus + 1 ) = Raw output per second
When mining by hand or with a tool such as the [[iron axe]], the formula is modified slightly:
 
(1 + Mining Speed Modifier) * .6 * (Tool power - Mining hardness) / Mining Time = Production rate (in resource/sec)
 
  
This uses a player mining speed of .01 per tick or .6 per second, and their bare hands with no axe uses a Tool power of 1. The Mining Speed Modifier is typically 0, but can be modified via mod or console command.
+
    (Raw output per second * Mining speed) / Mining time = Production rate (in resource/sec)
  
See also [http://www.factorioforums.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=18&t=8370 Calculate Time for production?].
+
The mining drill or pumpjack will sum the production rate of all tiles below it and show that value in the tooltip.
  
 
== Drill types ==
 
== Drill types ==
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
! Item !! Total raw !! Mining power !! Mining speed !! Mining power !! Covered area !!Max heath
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! Item !! Total raw !! Mining speed !! Mining power !! Covered area !!Max health
 
|-
 
|-
| {{imagelink|Hand_icon|Player}} || - || 1 || 0.6 || - || 1 x 1 || 200
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| {{imagelink|Hand_icon|Player}} || - || 0.5 || - || 1 × 1 || 250
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Imagelink|Burner mining drill|Burner mining drill}} || {{Icon|Iron plate|9|iron_plate}} {{icon|stone|5|stone}} || 2.5 || 0.35 || 300 kW ([[Fuel|burner]]) || 2 x 2 || 100
+
| {{Imagelink|Burner mining drill}} || {{Icon|Iron plate|9}} {{icon|stone|5}} || 0.25 || 150 kW ([[Fuel|burner]]) || 2 × 2 || 150
 
|-
 
|-
| {{Imagelink|Electric mining drill|Electric mining drill}} || {{Icon|Iron plate|23|iron_plate}} {{Icon|Copper plate|4.5|copper_plate}} || 3 || 0.5 || 90 kW ([[Electric network|electric]]) || 5 x 5 || 300
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| {{Imagelink|Electric mining drill}} || {{Icon|Iron plate|23}} {{Icon|Copper plate|4.5}} || 0.5 || 90 kW ([[Electric system|electric]]) || 5 × 5 || 300
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
Note, that the Burner mining drill covers exactly its size (2x2, and so covered area is also just 2x2), while the Electric mining drill is one tile bigger (size is 3x3, but covered area is 5x5). Place Electric mining drills in the center of resource fields as narrow as possible, but at the borders of the field, more loosely to get a more continuous throughput by having more equal resources per miner.
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Note, that the Burner mining drill covers exactly its size (2×2, the covered area is also 2×2), while the Electric mining drill is one tile bigger (size is 3×3, but covered area is 5×5).
 +
 
 +
Mining drills can only be placed on resources.
  
 
== Output ==
 
== Output ==
Line 43: Line 49:
 
! Burner M. Drill
 
! Burner M. Drill
 
! Electric M. Drill
 
! Electric M. Drill
! Electric M. Drill <br> Speed Module 3 x3
 
! Electric M. Drill <br> Prod. Module 3 x3
 
! Electric Mining Drill <br> Productivity Module 3 x3 <br> Beacon (Speed Module 3 x2) x8
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Power''': 2.5 <br> '''Speed''': 0.35
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| '''Speed''': 0.25
| '''Power''': 3.0 <br> '''Speed''': 0.5
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| '''Speed''': 0.5
| '''Power''': 3.0 <br> '''Speed''': 1.25
 
| '''Power''': 3.0 <br> '''Speed''': 0.2 <br> '''Bonus''': +30%
 
| '''Power''': 3.0 <br> '''Speed''': 1.0 <br> '''Bonus''': +30%
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row" | Iron
 
! scope="row" | Iron
| Hardness: '''0.9''' <br> Time: '''2'''
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| Time: '''1'''
| {{Icon|Iron ore|0.28|iron_plate}} 0.28/sec
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| {{Icon|Iron ore|0.25/s}}
| {{Icon|Iron ore|0.53|iron_plate}} 0.525/sec
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| {{Icon|Iron ore|0.5/s}}
| {{Icon|Iron ore|1.31|iron_plate}} 1.3125/sec
 
| {{Icon|Iron ore|0.27|iron_plate}} 0.273/sec
 
| {{Icon|Iron ore|1.37|iron_plate}} 1.365/sec
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row" | Copper
 
! scope="row" | Copper
| Hardness: '''0.9''' <br> Time: '''2'''
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| Time: '''1'''
| {{Icon|Copper ore|0.28|copper_plate}} 0.28/sec
+
| {{Icon|Copper ore|0.25/s}}
| {{Icon|Copper ore|0.53|copper_plate}} 0.525/sec
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| {{Icon|Copper ore|0.5/s}}
| {{Icon|Copper ore|1.31|copper_plate}} 1.3125/sec
 
| {{Icon|Copper ore|0.27|copper_plate}} 0.273/sec
 
| {{Icon|Copper ore|1.37|copper_plate}} 1.365/sec
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row" | Coal
 
! scope="row" | Coal
| Hardness: '''0.9''' <br> Time: '''2'''
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| Time: '''1'''
| {{icon|coal|0.28|coal}} 0.28/sec
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| {{icon|coal|0.25/s}}
| {{icon|coal|0.53|coal}} 0.525/sec
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| {{icon|coal|0.5/s}}
| {{icon|coal|1.31|coal}} 1.3125/sec
 
| {{icon|coal|0.27|coal}} 0.273/sec
 
| {{icon|coal|1.37|coal}} 1.365/sec
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row" | Stone
 
! scope="row" | Stone
| Hardness: '''0.4''' <br> Time: '''2'''
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| Time: '''1'''
| {{icon|stone|0.37|stone}} 0.3675/sec
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| {{icon|stone|0.25/s}}
| {{icon|stone|0.65|stone}} 0.65/sec
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| {{icon|stone|0.5/s}}
| {{icon|stone|1.63|stone}} 1.625/sec
 
| {{icon|stone|0.34|stone}} 0.338/sec
 
| {{icon|stone|1.69|stone}} 1.69/sec
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row" | Uranium
 
! scope="row" | Uranium
| Hardness: '''0.9''' <br> Time: '''4'''
+
| Time: '''2'''
 
|  
 
|  
| {{icon|uranium ore|0.26|uranium-235}} 0.2625/sec
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| {{icon|uranium ore|0.25/s}}
| {{icon|uranium ore|0.66|uranium-235}} 0.65625/sec
 
| {{icon|uranium ore|0.14|uranium-235}} 0.1365/sec
 
| {{icon|uranium ore|0.68|uranium-235}} 0.6825/sec
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
Unlike most other equipment, mining drills will output resources directly without the need of [[inserter]]s. This includes [[Transport belts]], [[Chests]], other mining drills (makes only sense for [[Burner mining drill]]), [[Furnace]]s, [[Assembling machine]]s etc.
+
Unlike most other equipment, mining drills will output resources directly without the need of [[inserter]]s. This includes [[transport belts]], [[chests]], other mining drills, [[furnace]]s, [[assembling machine]]s etc.
 
 
[[File:Mpstark-75D1NiH.gif]] [[File:Mpstark-C9VYEfv.jpg]]
 
  
== See also ==
+
The above figures are modified by [[Mining productivity (research)|Mining productivity]] technology, which adds to any bonus from productivity modules.
  
* [http://www.factorioforums.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=5830 Efficient mining setup for robots].
+
[[File:Burner drill to chest.png]] [[File:Burner drill to furnace.png]]
* [http://www.factorioforums.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=2569 Extreme mining].
 
* [http://www.factorioforums.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=6802 Smelting where you mine]
 
  
 
{{C|Resource extraction}}
 
{{C|Resource extraction}}

Latest revision as of 19:14, 29 September 2019

Mining is used to extract resources from the world. Mining drills are the first step to automating manufacture, although most resources have to be smelted in a furnace for further usage.

Mining speed formula

The rate at which resources are produced is given by:

Mining speed / Mining time = Production rate (in resource/sec)

To calculate the time needed for one resource-item use this formula:

Mining time / Mining speed = Seconds for one resource item

Mining speed is a function of the miner while mining time is a function of the metal or mineral you are currently mining (you can place a miner over a mixed field).

Mining by hand

When mining by hand, the formula is modified slightly:

(1 + Mining Speed Modifier) * .5 / Mining time = Production rate (in resource/sec)

Infinite resources

The output of the unmodified resource is the percentage yield of the tile currently used by the miner.

  Output of unmodified field * ( Number of modules in miner * Bonus from module ) + Output of unmodified field * ( Number of beacons * ( Number of modules * Distribution efficiency ) * Bonus from module + Productivity research bonus + 1 ) = Raw output per second 
   (Raw output per second * Mining speed) / Mining time = Production rate (in resource/sec)

The mining drill or pumpjack will sum the production rate of all tiles below it and show that value in the tooltip.

Drill types

Item Total raw Mining speed Mining power Covered area Max health
Hand icon.png
Player
- 0.5 - 1 × 1 250
Burner mining drill.png
Burner mining drill
Iron plate.png
9
Stone.png
5
0.25 150 kW (burner) 2 × 2 150
Electric mining drill.png
Electric mining drill
Iron plate.png
23
Copper plate.png
4.5
0.5 90 kW (electric) 5 × 5 300

Note, that the Burner mining drill covers exactly its size (2×2, the covered area is also 2×2), while the Electric mining drill is one tile bigger (size is 3×3, but covered area is 5×5).

Mining drills can only be placed on resources.

Output

Resource Burner M. Drill Electric M. Drill
Speed: 0.25 Speed: 0.5
Iron Time: 1
Iron ore.png
0.25/s
Iron ore.png
0.5/s
Copper Time: 1
Copper ore.png
0.25/s
Copper ore.png
0.5/s
Coal Time: 1
Coal.png
0.25/s
Coal.png
0.5/s
Stone Time: 1
Stone.png
0.25/s
Stone.png
0.5/s
Uranium Time: 2
Uranium ore.png
0.25/s

Unlike most other equipment, mining drills will output resources directly without the need of inserters. This includes transport belts, chests, other mining drills, furnaces, assembling machines etc.

The above figures are modified by Mining productivity technology, which adds to any bonus from productivity modules.

Burner drill to chest.png Burner drill to furnace.png