Oil processing

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Revision as of 01:44, 11 June 2014 by Dmorenus (talk | contribs) (Overview)
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Template:Technology

Oil processing is a large part of Factorio. It was introduced in v0.9. Oil processing may refer to the researched technology, the recipe used in the Oil refinery, or the overall workings of oil.

This documentation isn't complete yet. Please refer to the following pages:

Technologies

Oil processing allows the player to set up a basic facility to mine, process, and use oil. To be able to increase the usefulness of the created oil products, you may want to research Sulfur processing, as a prerequisite for the research of the Battery, which is used in many items later on, including the Science pack 3. Plastics are also useful, as the Plastic bar is an ingredient in the Advanced circuit, which is used often later on. Fluid handling allows you better control over your liquids, with items such as the Storage Tank and Small Pump. Advanced oil processing gives you a new recipe for use in the Oil refinery, allowing you to get more useful products from your Crude oil. Finally, researching Flammables gives you access to the Flamethrower.

Recipes

There are various recipes that can be done regarding Oil processing. They are listed below.

After researching Oil processing:
Process Input Machine Output
Basic oil processing
Placeholder icon.png
10
Time.png
5
Solid fuel
Time.png
3
Solid fuel
Time.png
3
Solid fuel
Time.png
3
Lubricant.png
Lubricant
Time.png
1
Lubricant.png
1
After researching Advanced oil processing:
Process Input Machine Output
Advanced oil processing
Placeholder icon.png
10
Water.png
5
Time.png
5
Placeholder icon.png
4.5
Placeholder icon.png
5.5
Heavy oil cracking
Water.png
3
Time.png
5
Light oil cracking
Water.png
3
Time.png
5
After researching Fluid handling:
Process Input Machine Output
Fill crude oil barrel
Placeholder icon.png
25
Time.png
1
or
Crude oil barrel.png
1
Empty crude oil barrel
Crude oil barrel.png
1
Time.png
1
or
Placeholder icon.png
25
After researching Sulfur processing:
Process Input Machine Output
Sulfur.png
Sulfur
Water.png
3
Time.png
1
Sulfur.png
2
Sulfuric acid
Sulfur.png
5
Water.png
10
Time.png
1
After researching Advanced electronics:
Process Input Machine Output
Processing unit
Placeholder icon.png
20
Placeholder icon.png
0.5
Time.png
15
or
After researching Battery:
Process Input Machine Output
Battery.png
Battery
Time.png
5
Battery.png
1
After researching Plastics:
Process Input Machine Output
Plastics
Coal.png
1
Time.png
1
After researching Flammables and Flamethrower:
Process Input Machine Output
Flamethrower ammo
Placeholder icon.png
2.5
Placeholder icon.png
2.5
Time.png
3

Mechanics & Usage

To mine, process and use oil, you'll need to do some research, as shown above.

Overview

File:Example-Oil-Refining.png
Oil being drilled and refined.
File:Example-Oil-Cracking.png
Oil being cracked into lower forms.
File:Example-Oil-Usage.png
Oil being used to create plastic and batteries.

Pumpjacks need to be placed on top of the middle of the oil well. Given electricity (90kW, upgradeable), they will produce a certain amount of Crude oil per second, shown on the right, at the bottom of the information panel. Over time this value will decrease. Once it reaches 0.1 oil/s, it will continue to output this, never increasing or decreasing. This means that having enough pumpjacks on depleted oil wells will provide you with enough oil, but it is better to find new oil wells. To transport the oil, you can use Barrels, and Diesel locomotives if you'd like.

The Crude oil then needs to be refined in an Oil refinery. The Oil refinery also needs electricity. It has a much higher demand, at 420kW, but it is also upgradeable. The oil refinery needs to have a recipe set (see above for available recipes). Once it is set, the inputs and outputs show what needs to be, and what will be supplied. You cannot move the locations of these, only rotate the entire machine. Make sure that the products have somewhere to go (preferably Storage Tanks), as the refinery will stop production of all products if one product output is full.

Now you have the three basic products. Heavy oil, Light oil and Petroleum gas. Both Heavy oil and Light oil can be cracked to the next lower type in a Chemical plant (recipe above). This is useful if you've got lots of Light oil, but are lacking in Petroleum gas (A common problem).

From here, after some research, you can use the oil products to create various products. They are all listed above.

Commonly Used Items

Pumpjack.png
Pumpjack
Pumpjacks mine the Crude oil from the Oil wells, and let you move it by Pipe.
Oil refinery Refines Crude oil into basic oil products (Heavy-/Light oil and Petroleum gas).
Chemical plant Like the Assembling machine, used to automate processing of liquids and crafting.
Storage Tank Stores up to 2500 units of any liquid.
Small Pump Allows you to pump liquids from one area to another. Used inline (Between pipes).
Pump.png
Pump
Allows you to pump water up from a body of water.
Assembling machine 2 Assembling machine 3 Allows you to craft items using liquids, used mainly for Oil barrels.
Pipe.png
Pipe
Allows transporting of liquids from one location to another.
[[Underground Pipe|Underground Pipe]] A Pipe, but under the ground, acting similar to Underground belts.

For more information on how liquids work, please see the Liquid network page.

See Also

Liquid network/0.9